4 Different Types of Eczema
Eczema is one of the most common skin conditions amongst both adults and children, across the US, as well as the world. With millions of individuals suffering from this condition, it is far more than just a pesky itch and can often grow into a far worse condition over time, especially if left untreated or unmonitored. According to Rye dermatologist, Dr. Eric Treiber, eczema is categorized based on its location on the body. In order to better identify treatment methods, it is vital for patients to understand which form of the condition they have. At Treiber Dermatology, Dr. Eric Treiber and his staff offer a number of different options for treatment, that deal not only with the symptoms and the specific region itself, but the root cause of the eczema as well. The faster an individual seeks and receives a diagnosis, the sooner they are able to be treated and the less likely the condition will be able to spread to other areas of the body. To better help you understand which form of eczema you might be suffering from, here are a few of the most common varieties.Atopic Dermatitis
Also known as contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis is one of the most common forms of eczema and is especially prevalent in children and even infants. According to Rye dermatologist, Dr. Eric Treiber, this form of the condition is characterized by severely itchy, often scaly patches of skin along the inner elbows, behind the knees, and even on the face – however, it is known to spread to any region of the body. The main cause of atopic dermatitis is usually a skin irritation in an areathat is relatively exposed, such as the hands, neck or feet. It is also sometimes the byproduct of allergic reactions, however, unlike most allergic reactions this does not affect the immune system.Seborrheic Dermatitis
Seborrheic eczema, as it is sometimes referred to as, usually affects areas in which there are a high concentration of oil glands, known as the sebaceous glands. In adults, this is most common along the scalp and areas along the nose. In infants, it also appears most often on the scalp. It can even spread across the face, neck and back too. According to Rye dermatologist, Dr. Eric Treiber, this condition is characterized by whitish and flaky skin. The most common cause of this type of eczema is the development of a yeast compound called pityrosporumovale or malassezia furfur. Those suffering from seborrheic dermatitis have an inability to process yeast and it causes severe irritations.Discoid or Nummular Eczema
This form of eczema is characterized by the appearance of small, coin-sized patches of skin that is covered in bumps. This skin is extremely sensitive and itchy – as the patient scratches, it will often open up into an oozing crusty patch of dry skin. They are mostly prevalent along the lower legs, the abdomen, and even the arms. Generally, this type of eczema is caused by an adverse reaction to insect bites or contact with certain allergens and harmful compounds.Neurodermatitis
Also known as lichen simplex chronicus, neurodermatitis is a condition in which the patient will experience severely itchy skin along the neck, scalp, shoulders, arms, legs, feet, wrist and all over the hands. Similar to atopic dermatitis in appearance, this condition is aggravated by scratching or rubbing – which causes the skin to thicken and become discolored. According to Rye dermatologist, Dr. Eric Treiber, this condition has many different possible causes including stress, insect bites, nervousness, and skin contact with certain allergens and foreign compounds.
With eczema being so common it is important to understand which form you are suffering from – for more information on the condition, or to schedule a consultation with Dr. Treiber, contact Treiber Dermatology today.